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Technology Policy Hub

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Regulators and Key Policy Stakeholders

Telecom Regulatory Authority of India

Formulates and implements policy on telecommunications in order to facilitate a transparent policy environment and to nurture conditions favorable to the growth of the telecommunications sector and to allow India to become a global information society leader.

Department of Telecommunications

Aims to provide secure, reliable, affordable and high quality converged telecommunication services by developing a robust telecommunication network that provides coverage across the country, with special focus on rural and remote areas.

Ministry of Commerce and Industry

Formulates, implements, and monitors foreign trade policy in order to make India a major player in the world trade and assume a role of leadership in international trade organizations.

Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology

Promotes cyber security, the growth of the electronics, IT & ITeS industries, R&D and innovation, in addition to the enhancement of government efficiency through digital services.

Ministry of Science and Technology

Formulates policies relating to science and technology and supports research and development of those sectors.

Ministry of Information and Broadcasting

Formulates and implements policy in order to create an environment for sustained growth of the media and entertainment sectors and disseminates information on government policies, programmes and achievements.

Ministry of Home Affairs

Responsible for internal security, border management, Centre-State relations, administration of Union Territories, management of Central Armed Police Forces, and disaster management.

Indian Computer Emergency Response Team (CERT-In)

Part of the Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology that responds to cyber attacks and promotes awareness of cyber threats to the general public.

National Innovation Council

National intiative to promote technological innovation by supporting individuals and companies in any technological field, so that India will become a leader in the global knwoledge economy.

Technology Development Board (TDB)

Provides financial assistance to companies developing or adapting new technologies, in order to promote new ideas, encourage production, and motivate industries towards greater innovation.


Unique Identification Authority of India

Issues and maintains records of Unique Identification numbers (UID) to all citizens of India.


Indian Registry for Internet Names and Numbers (IRINN)

Regulates IP addresses and facilitates the exchange of domestic internet traffic.

National Informatics Centre (NIC)

Provides ICT and eGovernance support to government agencies and promotes digital opportunities for sustainable development.

National Critical Information Infrastructure Protection Centre (NCIIPC)

Centre devoted to protecting India's critical information infrastructure from cyber threats.

National Centre of Geo-informatics

Geographic Information System (GIS) platform for sharing location-based datasets such as data related to central government land banks, mining, forests, industrial parks, water resources etc. among Indian ministries and governmental bodies in order to streamline insights for decision making.

Centre for Development of Telematics

Promotes research and development in the communications and technological sectors.

Manufacturers’ Association for Information Technology

Association representing India's IT sector that represents members' interests to the government, organizes conferences, seminars, training sessions, events and workshops, creates technology initiatives, and publishes industry related information.


National Association of Software and Service Companies

Association representing Indian software companies that advocates for policy beneficial to the growth and success of technology industries.

Software Technology Parks of India (STPI)

Part of the Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology that provides services tailored for software exporters with the objective of encouraging, promoting and boosting the software exports from India.

National Internet Exchange of India

Operates and manages Indian domain names, and promotes the enhancement of the quality of Indian internet services.

Cybercafé Association of India (CCAOI)

Represents all bodies relating to internet use in India, including connectivity providers, content providers, telecenters and cyber cafes, and internet users with the goal of promoting internet use for all.

Internet and Mobile Association of India (IAMAI)

Represents businesses to the government, investors, consumers and other stakeholders in support of expanding and enhancing the online and mobile value added services sectors.

Maharashtra State Innovation Society (MSInS)

Government agency established under Maharashtra Department of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship to boost the innovation-driven entrepreneurial ecosystem by developing a conducive environment for innovative businesses. 

Maharashtra Information Technology Corporation (MahaIT)

Established by the State government of Maharashtra in 2016 to bolster the implementation of ICT initiatives, advise the state on prospective tech strategies and policies, and establish it’s e-Governance framework.

Tamil Nadu Entrepreneurship Development and Innovation Institute (EDII-TN)

Tamil Nadu Government's primary vehicle for promoting and developing its tech ecosystem - offers funding, mentoring, and training for entrepreneurs and provides advice on state-level tech and innovation policies. 

Information Technology Department - GNCTD

Responsible for implementing the Information Technology Policy of Government of National Capital Territory of Delhi. Offers technical advice on tech-related Departmental matters, vets government IT projects and support development of Delhi's IT sector.


Maharashtra Cyber

Established by the Home Department of Government of Maharashtra, is responsible for leading and implementing of all the cybercrime initiatives and programs for the State of Maharashtra and generating awareness of cyber-related risks.


Information Technology Department - Government of Tamil Nadu

Responsible for providing digital Government services, both informational and transactional, to citizens and supporting the development of IT and Telecommunication services in the state in line with sustainable development goals.

Department of Electronics Information Technology, BioTechnology and Science - Government of Karnataka

State-level entity responsible for developing policies to facilitate the growth of the information technology sector in Karnataka and encouraging scientific research. 

Skill Development, Entrepreneurship and Livelihood Department - Government of Karnataka

Aims to provide appropriate skills and support job creation for youth in Karnataka to promote sustainable livelihoods. Oversees development of training and entrepreneurship programs. 

Karnataka Innovation and Technology Society (K-tech)

Assists the Department of IT, Biotechnology and Software & Technology in create an enabling ecosystem for the development of the IT and startup industry in the state through policy facilitation and investment promotion.

Startup Karnataka

Focuses on supporting support startups in the state through strategic investment, policy interventions and leveraging the robust innovation climate in Bengaluru and wider Karnataka.

Centre for Innovation & Entrepreneurship (CIE)

Leads innovation, entrepreneurial and technology outreach efforts​ for startups in Telengana, primarily through its incubator and accelerator programs.

Telangana State Innovation Cell

Set up in 2017 under the Telangana State Innovation Policy with a three-fold mandate to promote a culture of innovation and entrepreneurship, encourage public sector innovation, and support youth to develop skills for a modern economy.

National ICT Policies

GI Cloud Strategy (MeghRaj)

Strategy to develop a cloud computing environment at the national level that provides access to infrastructure, resources, and applications.

National Strategy for Artificial Intelligence

Highlights five sectors best served by the development of greater AI capabilities (healthcare, agriculture, education, smart cities/infrastructure, and smart mobility) and provides strategies to achieve these capabilities.

National Digital Communications Policy

Strategy to provide high speed internet access to all citizens and to establish a comprehensive data protection regime for digital communications that safeguards privacy, autonomy and choice of individuals.

National Cyber Security Policy

Strategy to create a secure cyber ecosystem capable of protecting information and information infrastructure in cyberspace, with capabilities to prevent and respond to cyber threats, reduce vulnerabilities and minimize damage from cyber incidents.

National E-Commerce Policy (Draft)

Strategy to develop e-commerce infrastructure in India, including by protecting data, attracting FDI, protecting consumers, providing for secure payment methods, and by tracking the digital economy.

National Policy on Electronics

Strategy that encourages R&D in the technology sector by providing support to start-ups and towards skill development in emerging technologies across sectors including defense, agriculture, health, and smart cities.

National Policy on Software Products

Strategy to position India as a global software product hub driven by innovation, sustainable intellectual property, and the promotion of technology start-ups and specialised skill sets.

Digital India Programme

Strategy to transform the knowledge economy of India by providing each citizen with a digital ID, providing access to high speed internet to all, and making government services available to citizens electronically.

India’s Trillion Dollar Digital Opportunity

Builds upon successes of Digital India Programme and identifies goals for the future, including improving cyber security, providing better e-governance services, using IT advances to improve healthcare, education, and financial services, and building a digital economy for the future.


Aims to provide affordable high speed digital connectivity throughout rural India and to facilitate the proliferation of broadband services in rural areas in order to foster socio-economic development in line with the vision of the Digital India Programme.

Skill India

Program launched in 2015 to provide training in various skills to the Indian workforce, notably in emerging technologies and with a focus on providing training for women.

Startup India

Initiative to improve the startup environment by providing funding, reducing patent registration fees, making the Bankruptcy Code more favorable to startups, not performing inspections nor collecting taxes from startups for their first 3 years in business, and providing educational opportunities.

Smart Cities

Strategy to promote intelligent design and development in cities, by undertaking projects for city improvement (retrofitting), for city renewal (redevelopment) and for city extension (greenfield development) so that housing and transport are more accessible for citizens.

National e-Governance Plan (NeGP)

Strategy to make all government services accessible online to citizens and to provide strategic direction for the implementation of the Digital India Programme.

Payment and Settlement Systems in India Vision 2018

Encourages greater use of electronic transfers and seeks to build a stronger legal framework for its adoption.

Faster Adoption and Manufacturing of Electric Vehicles II (FAME II) Policy

Policy aiming to boost electric mobility and increase in the share of EVs in commercial fleets.

Delhi Electric Vehicles Policy 2020

Seeks to boost adoption of battery electric vehicles to 25% of all new vehicle registrations by 2024 by offering financial incentives to increase purchase of electric cars, two-wheelers, transport and freight vehicles. 

Maharashtra State Blockchain Policy (In Development)

Aims to make Maharashtra the first blockchain-powered state in India by exploring possible use cases of blockchain technology to enhance governance

Maharashtra State Financial Technology Policy

Aims to make the state one of the top five FinTech centers in the world in the next five years by facilitating the establishment of 300 FinTech startups, providing venture capital, and offering subsidised co-working space.

Maharashtra State Innovative Startup Policy 2018

Seeks to drive economic growth and job creation by encouraging entrepreneurs to develop solutions in sectors such as biotechnology, artificial intelligence, internet of things, and clean energy through establishing incubators, training and investment opportunities. 

Maharashtra State Biotechnology Policy 2010

Aims to provide adequate, efficient and modern infrastructure, particularly in the form of biotechnology parks, and encourage research to develop the biotechnology and agricultural sector.

e-Governance Policy of Maharashtra 2011

Establishes framework to maintain and strengthen the leadership of the state in the area of e-Governance and m-Governance in order to facilitate citizen access to government services and move towards a paperless environment.

Maharashtra Electric Vehicle and Related Infrastructure Policy 2018

Policy for the promotion and development of the EV sector by increasing registered EVs, boosting investment in the EV industry and creating 1 million jobs.

e-Governance Roadmap for GNCTD

Aims to ensure all state citizens can transact with the government electronically, with most of the services being provided online while ensuring that there is no digital divide.

Tamil Nadu Information and Communications Technology Policy

Promotes the IT & ITeS sector to increase software production, exports and employment generation in Tamil Nadu, within special focus on startups, MSMEs and female entrepreneurship and employment.

Karnataka Electronics System Design & Manufacturing (KESDM)
Policy 2017-2022

Seeks to develop Karnataka into a global ESDM hub and a hotbed of innovation through focused interventions and encouragement to local companies in the sector.

Karnataka Animation, Visual Effects, Gaming and Comics
Policy 2017-2020

The policy aims to foster a vibrant, stimulated and well informed community of digital creatives through supporting the establishment of 100 KAVGC companies, creating 15,000 jobs, and establishing over 120 training institutes.

Digital Economy regulations

E-Commerce Laws

Establishes e-commerce regulations for businesses not previously covered by the law, including e-pharmacies, e-tutoring, e-groceries, e-taxis, e-bikes, e-food chains, online air, rail, bus ticketing services, online hotel or tour booking platforms, e-payment services, e-deliveries, e-buying and selling platforms, OTT services, and app stores

Requires payment systems to store data having to do with electronic payments within India only

Includes the term "cloud services" in the definition under Section 2(17) of ‘online information and database access or retrieval services’ as an electronic service

Regulates and supervises payment systems in India, including electronic funds transfers

Cyber Security Laws

Sets guidelines for cyber security frameworks for banks, requiring that all Urban Cooperative Banks put in place a cyber security policy

Sets baseline cyber security and resilience requirements for banks, provides information on setting up cyber security operation centres, and establishes a template for reporting cyber incidents to the RBI

Provides regulations on cyber crimes, data security, digital signatures, electronic commerce, including the granting of legal sanction to e-commerce transactions and the prohibition of breaches of confidentiality and privacy

Online Content Laws

Prevent internet providers from interfering with online content, including prohibiting offense such as blocking, throttling, and zero-rating

Permits the government to block access to information online when necessary to protect the sovereignty of India and guarantee national security, friendly relations with foreign states, and to prevent the incitement of violence

Criminalizes speech that is found to be obscene, defamatory, or that incites violence

Data Privacy Laws

Establishes an obligation for firms and organizations to take proper steps to ensure the protection of personal data,and deals with the grounds for processing of data, the transfer of data outside of India, associated penalties for misuse of data, and measures for transparency

Established under the Information Technology Act of 2000, these rules set regulations on how companies collect, disclose, and transfer sensitive personal data and information

Emerging Tech Laws

Creates framework to register currently non-compliant drones through the DigitalSky platform

Requires registration of all drones over a certain size, establishes areas in which drones are not allowed to fly, and establishes the Digital Sky Platform, which operates as an air traffic controller for drones

Prohibits entities regulated by the Reserve Bank of India from dealing in virtual currencies or providing services for facilitating the dealing of virtual currencies

Establishes biometric identification database for Indian citizens - On which the India Stack is built

Outlines regulations on licensing requirements for ride-hailing platforms